Category Archives: Clinical Cases

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)

What is mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)? Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)(also known as “Sharp’s syndrome”) is an autoimmune disease first described in 1972 and is considered an “overlap” of three diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), scleroderma and polymyositis. People … Continue reading

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Pilonidal Sinus

What is a pilonidal sinus? Pilonidal means a ‘nest of hairs’. A sinus tract is a small abnormal channel (a narrow tunnel) in the body. A sinus tract typically goes between a focus of infection in deeper tissues to the … Continue reading

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Migraine

Migraine (from the Greek words hemi, meaning half, and kranion, meaning skull[) is a debilitating condition characterized by moderate to severe headaches, and nausea. It is about three times more common in women than in men. A migraine is a … Continue reading

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Stellate Ganglion Block (cervicothoracic sympathetic block)

Anatomy The stellate ganglion refers to the ganglion formed by the fusion of the inferior cervical and the first thoracic ganglion as they meet anterior to the vertebral body of C7. The structures anterior to the ganglion include the skin … Continue reading

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What is Diabetic Retinopathy ?

Diabetic Retinopathy Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes damages the normal circulation of the body. That is why diabetics have problems with the circulation to their legs, kidneys, heart, brain and eyes. In the early stage of … Continue reading

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Examination of Chest

Clinical examination of chest is done in order to detect evidence of disease. Chest examination consists of  Inspection, Palpation, Percussion and Auscultation. INSPECTION shows the configuration of the chest, the range of respiratory movement, and any inequalities on the two … Continue reading

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Obliteration of the Abdominal Aorta and Iliac Arteries

Gradual occlusion of the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta, produced by atherosclerosis , results in the characteristics clinical symptoms of pain in the legs on walking and also impotency. Impotency is caused by lack of blood in the internal iliac … Continue reading

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