What is Medical Ethics ?

Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values and judgments to the practice of medicine. Medical ethics encompasses its practical application in clinical settings as well as work on its history, philosophy, theology, and sociology.


The Principle of Autonomy

The Principle of Beneficence

The Principle of Non-Maleficence

The Principle of Truth

The Principle  of Confidentiality(or Fidelity)

The Principle of Social Responsibility and Justice


Right to information and self-determination

Informed consent

Free will  – intentional participation in treatment

Respect and dignity should be maintained


Taking actions which benefits the patient

First consideration should be patient’s welfare

Ability or skill to take care of patients


First do no harm

Sanctity of life should be considered

Calculated risk or risk benefit should be done


Truth telling to the patients

Obligation of complete and honest disclosure should be maintained


Based on loyalty and trust

Maintain the confidentiality of all personal, medical and treatment information

Information to be revealed with consent and for the benefit of the patient

Disclosure should not be beyond what is required


Actions should be consistent, accountable and transparent

Not to discriminate on age, sex, religion, race, position or rank

Respect of the Law

Actions should be in benefit of society

There are lots of conflicts which could arise among these ETHICAL PRINCIPLES OF MEDICINE.


About mdmedicine

Medical student. Interested in learning and promoting medical field.
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